About the Region
The Leningrad Region was formed on August 1, 1927.
The Leningrad Region is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. The status of the Leningrad Region is determined by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the Charter of the Leningrad Region.
State authorities of the Leningrad Region are located on the territory of the city of Gatchina in the Leningrad Region and the city of St. Petersburg.
The Leningrad Region borders with five constituent entities of the Russian Federation: St. Petersburg (cities with federal status), the Republic of Karelia, the Vologda Region, the Novgorod Region, the Pskov Region, and with two states: the Republic of Finland and the Republic of Estonia.
The territory of the Leningrad Region is 94,667.7 sq. km.
The population is about 1.9 million people. Two-thirds of the population is urban, one third lives in rural areas. Representatives of more than 80 nationalities live on the territory of the Leningrad Region. Most of them are Russians. In addition to the Russians, the indigenous peoples of the North-West of Russia in the Leningrad Region include the peoples of the Finno-Ugric language group – Vepsians, Izhorians and Finns-Ingermanlands.
Nature. In the Leningrad Region, near the sources of the Oyat River, there is the highest point above sea level - the Vepsovskaya Hill (291 m).
On the territory of the region there are about 1800 lakes, the largest of them and the first largest in Europe is the Ladoga lake, with an area of more than 18 thousand sq. km. The total length of all rivers in the Leningrad Region is about 50 thousand km. The largest of them are: Luga (353 km), Oyat (266 km), Syas (260 km), Pasha (242 km), Volkhov (224 km), Svir (224 km), Oredezh (192 km), Vuoksa (156 km), Neva (74 km).
More than 70 percent of the region`s territory is occupied by forest and lands on which forests are located, including specially protected natural areas: of federal significance - the state natural reserve Nizhne-Svirsky, the state nature reserve Mshinskoe swamp, the state natural reserve Vostok Gulf of Finland; of regional significance - natural parks Vepsky forest and Toksovsky; local significance - Protected natural landscapes of Lake Veroyarvi, Polyana Bianki, Haapala, Ilola, as well as 27 state nature reserves and 18 natural monuments.
Also on the territory of the Leningrad region there are wetlands of international importance. Their borders include the state nature reserves and reserves Birch Islands, Kurgalsky, Lebyazhy, North of Mshinsky swamp, Mshinskoye swamp and Nizhne-Svirsky.
Four state nature reserves of the Leningrad Region (Birch Islands, Vyborgsky, Kurgalsky and Lebyazhy) were nominated for the network of protected areas of the Baltic Sea under the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Region, and the state nature reserve of regional significance Lindulovskaya grove is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site with the name Historical Center of St. Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments.
Mineral resources of the Leningrad Region: bauxite, clay, phosphorite, shale, granite, limestone, dolomite, sand, peat. More than 100 mineral deposits are currently being exploited in the region.