About the Region
The Leningrad Region is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. The status of the Leningrad Region is determined by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the Charter of the Leningrad Region.
The location of the higher bodies of state authority of the Leningrad Region is the city of St. Petersburg.
The Leningrad Region borders with five constituent entities of the Russian Federation: St. Petersburg (cities with federal status), the Republic of Karelia, the Vologda Region, the Novgorod Region, the Pskov Region, as well as with two states: the Republic of Finland and the Republic of Estonia.
The territory of the Leningrad Region is 94,667.7 sq. km.
The population is about 1.8 million people. Two-thirds of the population are urban, one third lives in rural areas. Representatives of more than 80 nationalities live on the territory of the Leningrad Region. Most of them are Russians. In addition to the Russians, the indigenous peoples of the North-West of Russia in the Leningrad Region include the peoples of the Finno-Ugric language group – Vepsians, Izhorians and Finns-Ingermanlands.
Nature. Near the headwaters of the Oyat River there is the highest point above sea level in the Leningrad Region, the Veps Upland (291 m). There are about 1,800 lakes in the region. The largest of them is Ladoga, the first largest in Europe, 18,135 thousand square kilometers. The total length of all rivers in the Leningrad Region is about 50 thousand km. The largest of them are the Neva, the Svir, the Volkhov and the Vuoksi.
55.5% of the region is covered by forests. In the Leningrad region there are: the State Nature Reserve “Nizhnesvirsky”, the State Nature Reserve of Federal Importance “Mshinskoye Boloto”, the State Nature Park “Vepssky Forest”, 22 state nature reserves of regional significance and 14 natural monuments of regional importance. The area of protected natural territories occupies about 6% of the territory of the Leningrad region.
Minerals: bauxites, clay, phosphorites, slates, granite, limestone, sand. More than 80 mineral deposits are exploited in the Region. Thanks to the reserves of forest resources, the Region is one of the leading zones in the North-West of Russia for timber cutting, woodworking and forest exports.