According to preliminary estimates, the number of the resident population of the Leningrad Region as of January 1, 2019 was 1,848.0 thousand people. Since the beginning of the year, the population of the region has increased by 34.2 thousand people, or 1.9%.
The demographic situation in 2018 was characterized by an increase in the natural population decline with a decrease in the birth rate.
The number of births in 2018 was 13,966 persons (in 2017 – 14,991 persons).
The number of deaths in 2018 amounted to 23,514 people (including children under the age of 1 year old – 46 persons), and compared with 2017 it decreased by 1.0%, the mortality rate was 13.0 people per 1,000 population. One of the main causes of death of people remains: diseases of the circulatory system (10,153 persons) and neoplasms (4,035 persons).
In 2018, there is a decrease in the infant mortality rate from 4.5 to 3.2 dead children under the age of one year per 1,000 births. One of the main causes of death remains: conditions arising in the perinatal period (17 cases) and congenital anomalies (6 cases).
The natural population decline for 2018 was 5.3 people per 1,000 population (in 2017 – 5.0).
In 2018, 7,521 marriages were registered in the Leningrad Region. Compared with 2017, there was a decrease of 1,515; 6,440 divorces (7,457 for the year 2017).
Population growth in 2018 was due to migration growth. In 2018, the number of arrivals to the territory of the Leningrad Region amounted to 124,177 persons (for the year 2017 – 105,704 persons), exits – 80,436 persons (74,845 persons), the migration increase was 43,741 (30,859 persons). The main flow of migration occurred within Russia 110,254 persons, and with the CIS countries – 13,176 persons. Migration growth fully compensated for the natural decline of the population and exceeded it by 3.6 times.